|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 113 p.|
|Number of Pages||113|
|LC Control Number||63023765|
• What level of IAP requires abdominal decompression? Written by two experts in critical care and IAP, Intra-Abdominal Hypertension is a distillation of the current literature and furthers the understanding of these complex critical conditions. Using a step-by-step approach and illustrative figures, this clinical handbook presents a concise Cited by: This is the book by David M. Rorvik and O. S. Heyns that attempted to promote the benefits of prenatal abdominal decompression to the World beyond the medical community back in Abdominal compartment syndrome typically occurs in patients after abdominal surgical procedures or trauma. Abdominal compartment syndrome is also increasingly described in conditions not related to abdominal operations, such as fluid resuscitation or burns. We report two patients who required surgical abdominal decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome that developed early after Cited by: 9. International Books Australia Pty Ltd) on behalf of Australian College of Critical. Abdominal decompression is a surgical technique. aimed to open the abdomen to reduce the pressure.
The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has tremendous relevance in the practice of surgery and the care of critically ill patients, because of the effects of elevated pressure within the confined space of the abdomen on multiple organ systems. The problem of ACS goes well beyond the care of surgical patients, encompassing many diverse disease states and clinical scenarios. The indications for surgical decompression of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are not clearly defined, but undoubtedly some patients benefit from it. In patients without recent abdominal incisions, it can be achieved with full-thickness laparostomy (either midline, or transverse subcostal) or through a subcutaneous linea alba fasciotomy. In spite of the improvement in . >12 cm: defined as intra-abdominal hypertension. > mm: can cause organ failure. > mm: usually causes organ failure, may require emergent decompression. Technical grading scale is shown here: diagnostic criteria for abdominal compartment syndrome. Diagnosis requires two components: (1) Sustained intra-abdominal pressure > 20 mm. Results At the time of surgical decompression, the median sequential organ failure assessment score among patients was 12 (interquartile range, ), and the median intra-abdominal pressure was (interquartile range, ) mm Hg. After surgical decompression, renal or respiratory function was improved in 14 patients (54%).
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Heyns, Ockert Stephanus. Abdominal decompression; a monograph. Johannesburg, Witwatersrand Univ. Press, Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is increasingly recognized in critically ill patients, and the deleterious effects of increased intraabdominal pressure (IAP) are well documented. Surgical decompression through a midline laparotomy or decompressive laparotomy remains the sole definite therapy for ACS, but the effect of decompressive laparotomy has not been studied in large . Gastric and intestinal decompression is the removal of fluid, flatus and other contents from the stomach and intestines through a tube passed into the stomach or intestines. Purpose: 1. To drain fluid or gas that accumulates above the mechanical obstruction in the stomach or intestines. 2. To prevent or treat post-operative vomiting and distension caused by the lessening of peristalsis (paralytic ileus) following . of abdominal decompression may prevent pre-eclampsia. In the non-pregnant woman the author uses the suit to relieve dysmenorrhoea and backache. Professor Heyns is aware that not all those who have tried his method on patients have been able to confirm his results. Indeed, one of the objects of this book is to give details of the technique of.